Is Beeswax Vegan? What Is Beeswax Made Of?

By Anett Rannamets. Published: October 2023.
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Beeswax is not vegan. Beeswax is a substance created by honeybees and has been used for centuries in various applications. However, its main role is to be a vital building block for honeycombs and the bee’s sanctuary.

Still, beeswax has also been a part of the beauty world. Beeswax has especially taken center stage in the world of skincare, where it contributes an array of benefits. This article explores what beeswax is, what it’s made from, and its role in skincare.

What Is Beeswax? What Is Beeswax Made From?

Beeswax is a waxy substance secreted by worker bees. It could also be called the natural treasure of the beehive. Beeswax is made from a blend of fatty esters and long-chain alcohols.

Beeswax is a natural substance of extraordinary complexity and utility, created by the industrious labor of worker bees within a beehive. It is essentially a type of wax, meticulously produced and secreted by special glands on the abdominal segments of these worker bees.

Beeswax consists of a combination of fatty esters and long-chain alcohols, with its chemical composition primarily comprising palmitate, palmitoleate, and oleate esters of long-chain (30-32 carbons) monohydroxyl alcohols, along with some triglycerides. These unique constituents give beeswax its distinctive properties and versatility.

The process of beeswax production begins with the worker bees collecting nectar from flowers and converting it into honey within their bodies. Special glands in the bee’s abdomen then excrete tiny, translucent white flakes of wax.

These wax flakes are initially soft but harden upon contact with the air. The worker bees manipulate these flakes using their jaws, along with other hive materials like pollen and honey, to construct the honeycomb.

Why Is Beeswax Important For Bees?

Is Beeswax Vegan

Beeswax is very important for the survival of bee colonies, playing multifaceted roles in their existence. It serves as the fundamental building material for honeycombs, constructing the hexagonal cells used for storing honey, and pollen, and raising the next generation of bees.

This substance also acts as a natural preservative, protecting the stored honey from moisture and spoilage. Beeswax provides insulation, helping maintain a stable internal temperature within the hive, which is crucial for the well-being of the colony.

It further offers protection against external elements, including rain, wind, and potential predators, safeguarding the bees within.

Moreover, the beeswax structure contributes to the hive’s hygiene by facilitating cleaning and repair activities, ensuring a pristine environment. Its structured arrangement of cells for eggs, larvae, and pupae streamlines caregiving, thus nurturing the overall health of the colony.

In essence, beeswax is the cornerstone of a hive’s architecture and functionality, indispensable to the colony’s thriving, and without it, the very fabric of bee life would be at risk.

Why is Beeswax Used in Skincare?

Beeswax has been an ingredient in skincare for centuries. Its popularity stems from several properties that make it a desirable skincare ingredient in beauty products. For example, beeswax acts as an emollient, it is anti-inflammatory and protects the skin.

Beeswax is a natural emollient, imbued with the ability to envelop the skin in a protective cocoon, thereby locking in moisture and preventing dehydration. This sealing action makes it a prized ingredient for skincare products like lip balms, creams, and lotions.

Beyond its moisturizing properties, beeswax possesses innate anti-inflammatory characteristics that render it an ally for soothing irritated or sensitive skin. Its application can alleviate redness and irritation, offering a calming embrace to the skin.

Beeswax, with its capacity to create a protective shield, acts as a shield against environmental aggressors. By fortifying the skin’s defenses, beeswax maintains not only its structural integrity but also its radiance. It stands as a sentinel, preserving the skin’s vitality.

Beeswax also possesses the ability to extend the shelf life of products. Its natural preservative qualities reduce the need for synthetic preservatives, ensuring that skincare and cosmetic items remain fresh and effective for longer periods.

However, beeswax is important for bees. Producing beeswax on an industrial scale can strain bee colonies, disrupt their natural activities, and potentially expose them to pesticides. This can weaken bee populations, reduce biodiversity, and harm the hive’s health.

Protecting bees is also important for our and the Earth’s health. You can read more about honey and bees from the article “Is Honey Vegan? What Is Honey Made Of?“.

Vegan Alternatives To Beeswax In Skincare

Is Beeswax Vegan

In skincare, beeswax is known as an emollient, it is anti-inflammatory and protects the skin. However, beeswax is not considered vegan. Luckily, the beauty industry knows a wide variety of cruelty-free and vegan alternatives that replicate the properties of beeswax.

  • Candelilla Wax: Candelilla wax is a popular choice as a vegan substitute for beeswax. It is derived from the leaves of the candelilla shrub, native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. Candelilla wax shares similar emollient and protective qualities with beeswax, making it an excellent ingredient in lip balms, creams, and lotions.
  • Carnauba Wax: Known as the “queen of waxes,” carnauba wax is derived from the leaves of the carnauba palm tree, primarily found in Brazil. It offers a natural glossy finish and is often used in lip balms, lipsticks, and hair products. Carnauba wax provides excellent moisture retention and helps create a smooth texture in cosmetics.
  • Soy Wax: Soy wax is another vegan-friendly alternative that’s often used in candles, but it can also be found in skincare products. It has emollient properties that help with skin hydration and softening, making it a suitable replacement for beeswax in certain formulations.
  • Sunflower Wax: Sunflower wax, derived from sunflower oil, is a sustainable and vegan-friendly ingredient. It is used as a natural thickener in cosmetic products, such as creams and lotions, and contributes to the product’s texture and consistency.
  • Rice Bran Wax: Rice bran wax is a vegan option known for its skin-conditioning properties. It’s used in various skincare and cosmetic products to enhance texture and provide a silky, smooth feel.
  • Jojoba Wax: Jojoba wax, extracted from jojoba oil, mimics the natural wax esters found in human skin. It’s an excellent vegan alternative for balms, moisturizers, and other skincare products, offering nourishing and protective qualities.

FAQ About Beeswax

Is beeswax cruelty-free?

No. Beeswax is not considered cruelty-free. Sourcing beeswax for commercial use can disrupt hives, overharvest resources, expose bees to pesticides, and suppress queen bees.

Is beeswax vegan?

No. Beeswax is not vegan. Beeswax is not considered vegan because it is derived from the labor of honeybees. It involves the collection of wax produced by bees, which is a product of their work within the hive and is not plant-based. Vegans look for plant-based alternatives like candelilla or carnauba wax in skincare products.

Why is beeswax not considered vegan?

Vegans avoid everything produced by animals and made out of animals. Beeswax is an animal-derived product, it does not align with vegan principles, even if it’s not ingested. Veganism encompasses a broader spectrum, including materials used in clothing, as well as ingredients in personal care and cleaning items, not just food.

What is beeswax?

Beeswax, is a waxy substance secreted by worker bees. It could also be called the natural treasure of the beehive. Beeswax is made from a blend of fatty esters and long-chain alcohols.

What is a beeswax vegan alternative?

The beauty industry knows a wide variety of cruelty-free and vegan alternatives to beeswax. For example candelilla wax, carnauba wax, soy wax, sunflower wax, rice bran wax, and jojoba wax.


Beeswax, a substance crafted by worker bees, has been a vital building block of honeycombs and a sanctuary for bee life for centuries. It serves as an intricate blend of fatty esters and long-chain alcohols, creating a substance that is essential for the hive’s structural integrity and functionality.

While beeswax has become a cherished component in skincare and cosmetic products, it is not vegan. Beeswax is created by honeybees and producing it for commercial use is not cruelty-free. However, vegan substitutes like candelilla wax, carnauba wax, soy wax, sunflower wax, rice bran wax, and jojoba wax replicate the beneficial properties of beeswax.

See also: Best Vegan Makeup Products, Best Vegan Skincare Products, Is Honey Vegan?



– Kurek-Górecka A., Górecki M. (2020). Bee Products in Dermatology and Skin Care. NCBI
– Nong Y. (2023). A review of the use of beeswax in skincare. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
– Sanford M.T., Dietz A. (1976). The fine structure of the wax gland of the honey bee. HAL
– Connor, L. (2015). Beeswax. American Bee Journal. 

Anett is a passionate journalist, writer, and magazine editor with almost 7 years of experience. Through engaging articles, she brings kinder and more environmentally-friendly choices closer to everybody.